In the US, the UK, and elsewhere, populism has been (to borrow a phrase from Jane Mansbridge) democracy’s way of shaking the elites up: telling them that they have missed something important. The domestic losers from globalization have asserted themselves – in the cases of Brexit and Trump – in ways that shock enlightened opinion. Elites have paid too little heed to the domestic distributive impact of high immigration and globalized trade. Yet along with justified grievances, immigration and globalization are also spurring forms of nativism and demagoguery that threaten both democratic deliberation and human rights. The challenge now is to find reasonable ways of addressing this new politics of resentment: ways that recognize that egalitarian liberalism and social democracy are national projects, while also acknowledging our interconnections, duties, and moral obligations to those beyond our borders.